Primary Sources On this Website

Primary Sources Elsewhere

Selected Bibliography

  • Anderson, Arthur J. O. “The Institution of Slave-Bathing.” Gedenkschrift Walter Lehmann 7, no. 2 (1982): 81-92.
  • Balderas, Ximena Chávez. “The Offering of Life: Human and Animal Sacrifice at the West Plaza of the Sacred Precinct, Tenochtitlan.” PhD diss., Tulane University, 2019.
  • Bennett, Herman. Africans in Colonial Mexico: Absolutism, Christianity and Afro-Creole Consciousness, 1570-1640. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.
  • Clendinnen, Inga. “The Cost of Courage in Aztec Society.” Past and Present 107 (1985): 44-89.
  • Hassig, Ross. “The Famine of One Rabbit: Ecological Causes and Social Consequences of a Pre-Columbian Calamity.” Journal of Anthropological Research 37 (1981): 172-182.
  • Houston, Stephen, David Stuart, and Karl Taube. “Dishonor.” In The Memory of Bones: Body, Being, and Experience among the Classic Maya, 202-226. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006.
  • Lockhart, James. The Nahuas After the Conquest: A Social and Cultural History of the Indians of Central Mexico, Sixteenth Through Eighteenth Centuries. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992.
  • Martínez, María Elena. “The Black Blood of New Spain: Limpieza de Sangre, Racial Violence, and Gendered Power in Early Colonial Mexico.” The William and Mary Quarterly 61, no. 3 (2004 2004).
  • Millerhauser, John. “Debt as a Double-Edged Risk: A Historical Case from Nahua (Aztec) Mexico.” Economic Anthropology 4 (2017): 263-275.
  • Offner, Jerome. “The Future of Aztec Law.” In Legal Encounters on the Medieval Globe, edited by Elizabeth Lambourn, 1-32. Kalamazoo: Arc Humanities Press, 2017.
  • Saburo, Sugiyama. Human Sacrifice, Militarism, and Rulership: Materialization of State Ideology at the Feathered Serpent Pyramid, Teotihuacan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • Seijas, Tatiana. Asian Slaves in Colonial Mexico: From Chinos to Indians. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
  • Seijas, Tatiana, and Pablo Miguel Sierra Silva. “The Persistence of the Slave Market in Seventeenth-Century Central Mexico.” Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 37, no. 2 (2016): 307-33.
  • Shadow, Robert D., and María J. Rodríguez V. “Historical Panorama of Anthropological Perspectives on Aztec Slavery.” In Arqueología del norte y del occidente de México: Homenaje al Doctor J. Charles Kelley, edited by Barbro Dahlgren de Jordán and María de los Dolores Soto de Arechavaleta, 299-323. Mexico City: Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1995. 
  • Sierra Silva, Pablo Miguel. Urban Slavery in Colonial Mexico: Puebla de los Ángeles, 1531-1706.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018.
  • Smith, Michael E. The Aztecs. 3rd ed. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Especially pp. 141-142.
  • “Special Section: Recent Archaeological Research at the Moon Pyramid, Teotihuacan.” Ancient Mesoamerica 18, no. 1 (2007): 107-190.
  • Townsend, Camilla. Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Woman in the Conquest of Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2006.
  • Villa-Flores, Javier. “‘To Lose One’s Soul’: Blasphemy and Slavery in New Spain.” Hispanic American Historical Review 82, no. 3 (2002): 435-68.
  • Zavala, Silvio. Los esclavos indios en Nueva España.  México: Colegio Nacional, 1967.


Carolyn Arena, Hannah Barker, Elizabeth Boone, Jennifer Rodriguez, Tatiana Seijas, Michael Smith, John Verano