Primary Sources On This Website

Primary Sources Elsewhere

  • Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West African History. Edited by Nehemia Levtzion and J.F.P. Hopkins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981. 
  • Jansen, Katherine, Joanna Drell, and Frances Andrews. Medieval Italy: Texts in Translation. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009. See especially doc. 47 (The Laws of Roger II, p.175-186).
  • Kapitaikin, Lev. “David’s Dancers in Palermo: Islamic Dance Imagery and Its Christian Recontextualization in the Ceilings of the Cappella Palatina.” Early Music 47, no. 1 (2019): 3–23. (Includes images)
  • Medieval Iberia: Readings from Christian, Muslim and Jewish Sources, ed. Olivia Remie Constable. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012. See especially docs. 37 (Statutes of Leon and Girona, p.211-220), 44 (“Hadith Bayad wa Riyad,” p.252-259).
  • Peter the Venerable vs. Bernard of Clairvaux, On the Keeping of Serfs, c.1120
  • Rodriguez, Jarbel. Muslim and Christian Contact in the Middle Ages: A Reader. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015. See especially doc. 87 (Ibn Munqidh, Captive Tales, p.429-431).

Selected Bibliography

  • Amitai, Reuven, and Christoph Cluse, eds. Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Eastern Mediterranean (c. 1000-1500 CE). Turnhout: Brepols, 2017.
  • Barton, Simon. Conquerors, Brides, and Concubines: Interfaith Relations and Social Power in Medieval Iberia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.
  • Bartusis, M.C. Land and Privilege in Byzantium: The Institution of the Pronoia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Bensch, Stephen P. “From Prizes of War to Domestic Merchandise: The Changing Face of Slavery in Catalonia and Aragon, 1000-1300.” Viator 25 (1994): 63-93.
  • Chatterjee, Indrani, and Richard Eaton, eds. Slavery and South Asian History. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2006.
  • Constable, Olivia Remie. “Spain and Mediterranean Slavery: The Medieval Slave Trade as an Aspect of Muslim-Christian Relations.” In Christendom and its Discontents: Exclusion, Persecution, and Rebellion, 1000-1500, edited by Scott L. Waugh and Peter D. Diehl, 264-284. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. 
  • Freed, John. “The Origins of the European Nobility: The Problem of the Ministerials.” Viator 7 (1976): 211-241.
  • Ghosh, Amitav. In an Antique Land: History in the Guise of a Traveler’s Tale. London: Penguin Books, 1992.
  • Ghosh, Amitav. “The Slave of MS. H.6.” In Subaltern Studies VII, edited by Partha Chatterjee and Gyanendra Pandey, 159–220. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • Gillingham, John. “Crusading Warfare, Chivalry, and the Enslavement of Women and Children,” in The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach, edited by Gregory Halfond, 133-51. Burlington: Ashgate, 2015.
  • Gillingham, John. “Women, Children, and the Profits of War,” in Gender and Historiography: studies in the Earlier Middle Ages in Honour of Pauline Stafford, edited by Janet Nelson, Susan Reynolds, and Susan Johns, 61-74. London: Institute of Historical Research, 2012.
  • Gronenborn, Detlef. “Kanem-Borno: A Brief Summary of the History and Archaeology of an Empire of the Central bilad al-sudan.” In West Africa During the Atlantic Slave Trade: Archaeological Perspectives, edited by Christopher DeCorse, 101-130. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 2001.
  • Haour, Anne. “The Early Medieval Slave Trade of the Central Sahel: Archaeological and Historical Considerations.” In Slavery in Africa: Archaeology and Memory, edited by Paul J. Lane and Kevin C. MacDonald, 61-78. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • Helmholz, R.H. “The Law of Slavery and the European Ius Commune.” In The Legal Understanding of Slavery: From the Historical to the Contemporary, edited by Jean Allain, 17-39. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Holm, Poul. “The Slave Trade of Dublin, Ninth to Twelfth Centuries,” Peritia 5 (1986): 317–45.
  • Hong, Sung-gi. Research on Koryo Nobis (고려시대의노비연구). (Sugang University Press, 1980). [In Korean]
  • Junker, Laura L. “The Impact of Captured Women on Cultural Transmission in Contact-Period Philippine Slave-Raiding Chiefdoms.” In Invisible Citizens: Captives and Their Consequences, edited by Catherine M. Cameron, 110-37. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2008.
  • Karras, Ruth M. Slavery and Society in Medieval Scandinavia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.
  • Kohler, Timothy A. and Kathryn Kramer Turner. “Raiding for Women in the Pre-Hispanic Northern Pueblo Southwest? A Pilot Examination.” Current Anthropology, 47, no. 6 (2006): 1035-45.
  • Korpela, Jukka Jari. Slaves from the North: Finns and Karelians in the East European Slave Trade, 900–1600. Studies in Global Slavery 5. Leiden: Brill, 2018.
  • Koziol, Kathryn. “Performances of Imposed Status: Captivity at Cahokia.” In The Bioarchaeology of Violence, edited by Debra L. Martin, Ryan P. Harrod, and Ventura R. Pérez, 226-250. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2012.
  • Lemerle, Paul. The Agrarian History of Byzantium: From the Seventh to the Twelfth Century – Sources and Problems. Galway: Galway University Press, 1979. 
  • Kumar, Sunil. The Emergence of the Delhi Sultanate, 1192-1286. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2007.
  • Martin, Debra. “Ripped Flesh and Torn Souls: Skeletal Evidence for Captivity and Slavery from the La Plata Valley, New Mexico, AD 1100-1300.” In Invisible Citizens: Captives and their Consequences, ed. Catherine Cameron, 159-180. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2008.
  • Myrne, Pernilla. “Slaves for Pleasure in Arabic Sex Manuals from the Tenth to the Twelfth Centuries,” Journal of Global Slavery 4:2 (2019), 196-225.
  • Pankhurst, Richard. The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century. Lawrence, KS: Red Sea Press, 1997.
  • Pelteret, David. Slavery in Early Medieval England: From the Reign of Alfred until the Twelfth Century. Rochester: Boydell & Brewer, 1995.
  • Perry, Craig. “The Daily Life of Slaves and the Global Reach of Slavery.” Ph. D. diss., Emory University, 2014.
  • Roslund, Mats. Guests in the House: Cultural Transmission between Slavs and Scandinavians 900 to 1300 AD, trans. Alan Crozier, The Northern World 33 (Leiden: Brill, 2007).
  • Sommar, Mary. The Slaves of the Churches: A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020.
  • Wink, André. al-Hind: the Making of the Indo-Islamic World, vol. 2: The Slave Kings and the Islamic Conquest, 11th -13th Centuries. Leiden, 1997.
  • Wyatt, David. Slaves and Warriors in Medieval Britain and Ireland, 800-1200. Leiden: Brill, 2009.


Hannah Barker, Debra Blumenthal, Catherine Cameron, Matthew Delvaux, Richard Eaton, Paul Lane, Noel Lenski, Cody Osguthorpe, Craig Perry, Joshua Robinaugh, John Verano, Rebecca Winer, Don Wyatt