Primary Sources On This Website

Primary Sources Elsewhere

  • Adomnán of Iona, The Life of St. Columba. See especially “Concerning the illness with which the Druid Broichan was visited for his detention of a female slave, and his cure on her release.” Also Adomnán of Iona, The Life of St. Columba, trans. Richard Sharpe (London: Penguin Classics, 1995), 181-182.
  • The Formularies of Angers and Marculf: Two Merovingian Legal Handbooks, ed. Alice Rio. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2008.
  • Hansen, Valerie. The Silk Road: A New History with Documents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. See especially doc. 20A (“Sogdian-Language Contract for the Purchase of a Slave Girl,” p.181-182).
  • Hunwick, John, and Eve Troutt Powell, The African Diaspora in the Mediterranean Lands of Islam. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2002. Quran excerpts p.2-5.
  • Rodriguez, Jarbel. Muslim and Christian Contact in the Middle Ages: A Reader. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015. See especially doc. 3 (Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, p.7-9).
  • Rosenwein, Barbara, ed. Reading the Middle Ages: Sources from Europe, Byzantium, and the Islamic World. 3rd edition. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018. Document 2.10 (Life of St. Balthild, p.88-92).

Selected Bibliography

  • BanajiJairus. Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, and Aristocratic Dominance. New ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Chang Hsing-lang [Zhang Xinglang]. “The Importation of Negro Slaves to China under the T’ang Dynasty (A.D. 618-907).” Bulletin of the Catholic University of Peking 7 (1930): 37-59. 
  • Cho, Bup-Jong. “Studies on the Kingship of Silla and System of Nobi” (신라왕권과노비제). The Research Institute For SILLA Culture: Dongguk University, 22 (2003). [In Korean]
  • Dockès, Pierre. Medieval Slavery and Liberation. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
  • Donnan, Christopher B., and Donna McClelland. Moche Fineline Painting: Its Evolution and Its Artists. Los Angeles: Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 1999.
  • Fauvelle-Aymar, François-Xavier. The Golden Rhinoceros: Histories of the African Middle Ages. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. See especially chapter 3.
  • Fontaine, Janel M. “Early Medieval Slave-Trading in the Archaeological Record: Comparative Methodologies.” Early Medieval Europe 25, no. 4 (2017): 466–488.
  • Houston, Stephen, David Stuart, and Karl Taube. “Dishonor.” In The Memory of Bones: Body, Being, and Experience among the Classic Maya, 202-226. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006.
  • Kim, Chong-sun. “The Slaves in the Silla Village Register.” (正倉院所藏新羅帳籍에나타난奴婢) The Korean Historical Review 123 (1989). [In Korean]
  • Lemerle, Paul. The Agrarian History of Byzantium: From the Seventh to the Twelfth Century – Sources and Problems. Galway: Galway University Press, 1979. 
  • Mattingly, David, and Martin Sterry. “Zuwila and Fazzan in the Seventh to Tenth Centuries: The Emergence of a New Trading Center.” In The Aghlabids and their Neighbours: Art and Material Culture in Ninth-Century North Africa, edited by Glaire D. Anderson, Corisande Fenwick and Mariam Rosser-Owen, 551-572. Leiden: Brill, 2018.
  • Mattson, Ingrid. “A Believing Slave is Better Than an Unbeliever: Status and Community in Early Islamic Society and Law.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1999.
  • McCormick, Michael. “New Light on the ‘Dark Ages’: How the Slave Trade Fueled the Carolingian Economy,” Past and Present 177 (2002): 17–54. 
  • Rio, Alice. “Self-Sale and Voluntary Entry into Unfreedom, 300-1100.” Journal of Social History, 45, no. 3 (Spring 2012): 661-685.
  • Rio, Alice. Slavery After Rome, 500-1100. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • Schneider, Irene. “Freedom and Slavery in Early Islamic Time (1st/7th and 2nd/8th Centuries).” Al-Qantara 28, no. 2 (2007): 353-382.
  • Tung, Tiffiny. “Violence Against Women: Differential Treatment of Local and Foreign Females in the Heartland of the Wari Empire, Peru.” In The Bioarchaeology of Violence, ed. Debra Martin, Ryan Harrod, and Ventura Pérez, 180-198. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2012.
  • Tung, Tiffany A. and Kelly J. Knudson. “Identifying locals, migrants, and captives in the Wari Heartland: A bioarchaeological and biogeochemical study of human remains from Conchopata, Peru.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 30, no. 3 (2011): 247-61.


Hannah Barker, Matthew Gordon, Kim Bok-rae, Paul Lane, Rena Lauer, Noel Lenski, Don Wyatt, John Verano, Michelle Ziegler