Primary Sources On This Website

Primary Sources Elsewhere

Selected Bibliography

  • Ali, Omar. Malik Ambar: Power and Slavery Across the Indian Ocean. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.
  • Ali, Shanti Sadiq. African Dispersal in the Deccan. New Delhi: Sangam, 1996.
  • Alpers, Edward A. “Recollecting Africa: Diasporic Memory in the Indian Ocean World.” African Studies Review 43, no. 1 (2000), 83-99.
  • Bauss, Rudy. “The Portuguese Slave Trade from Mozambique to Portuguese India and Macau and Comments on Timor, 1750-1850: New Evidence from the Archives.” Camoes Center Quarterly 6 and 7, nos. 1 and 2 (1997): 21-26.
  • Basu, Helene. “The Siddi and the Cult of Bava Gor in Gujarat.” Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society 28 (1993): 289-300.
  • Chakraborty, Jyotirmay and S.B. Nandi. “The Siddis of Junagadh: Some Aspects of their Religious Life.” Human Science 33, no. 2 (1984), 130-137.
  • Chatterjee, Indrani. “A Slave’s Quest for Selfhood in Eighteenth-Century Hindustan.” Indian Economic and Social History Review 37, no. 1 (2000): 53-85.
  • Chatterjee, Indrani, and Richard Eaton, eds. Slavery and South Asian History. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2006.
  • Chauhan, R.R.S. Africans in India: From Slavery to Royalty. New Delhi: Asian Publication Services, 1995.
  • Eaton, Richard M. “Malik Ambar (1548-1626): the Rise and Fall of Military Slavery.” In A Social History of the Deccan, 1300-1761: Eight Indian Lives, 105-128. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • Gadre, Promod B.  Cultural Archeology of Ahmadnagar during Nizam Shahi Period (1491-1632).  Delhi, 1986.
  • Ghosh, Amitav. In an Antique Land: History in the Guise of a Traveler’s Tale. London: Penguin Books, 1992.
  • Ghosh, Amitav. “The Slave of MS. H.6.” In Subaltern Studies VII, edited by Partha Chatterjee and Gyanendra Pandey, 159–220. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • Glancy, Jennifer. “Slavery in Acts of Thomas.” Journal of Early Christian History 2 (2012): 3-21.
  • Gommans, Jos. Mughal Warfare: Indian Frontiers and High Roads to Empire, 1500-1700. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.
  • Gordon, Stewart. “War, the Military, and the Environment: Central India, 1560-1820.” In Natural Enemy, Natural Ally: toward an Environmental History of Warfare, edited by Richard P. Tucker and Edmund Russell. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press, 2004.
  • Pankhurst, Richard. “The Ethiopian Diaspora in India: the Role of Habshis and Sidis from Medieval Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century.” In The African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean, edited by Shihan de Silva Jayasuriya and Richard Pankhurst. Trenton NJ: Africa World Press, 2003.
  • Pinto, Jeanette. Slavery in Portuguese India (1510-1842). Bombay: Himalaya Publishing House, 1992.
  • Prasad, Kiran K. “The Identity of Siddis in Karnataka.” In Relevance of Anthropology: the Indian Scenario, edited by B.G. Halbar and C.G. Husain Khan. Jaipur: Rawat Publications, 1991.
  • Rao, Vasant D. “The Habshis, India’s Unknown Africans.” African Report (1973): 35-38.
  • Saksena, Banarasi Prasad. “A Few Unnoticed Facts about the Early Life of Malik Ambar.” Proceedings, Indian History Congress 5 (1941).
  • Sardesai, Govind Sakharam. New History of the Marathas. Vol. 1. Bombay: K.B. Dhawale, 1971.
  • Sarkar, Jadunath. House of Shivaji (Studies and Documents on Maratha History, Royal Period), 3rd edn. Calcutta: Sahar and Sons, 1955.
  • Seth, D.R. “The Life and Times of Malik Ambar.” Islamic Culture 31 (1957).
  • Shyam, Radhey. Life and Times of Malik Ambar. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1968.
  • Tamaskar, B.G. The Life and Work of Malik Ambar. Delhi: Idarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli, 1978.
  • Vink, Marcus.  “The World’s Oldest Trade: Dutch Slavery and Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean in the Seventeenth Century.” Journal of World History 14, no. 2 (2003), 131-77.
  • Wink, André. al-Hind: the Making of the Indo-Islamic World, vol. 2: The Slave Kings and the Islamic Conquest, 11th -13th Centuries. Leiden: Brill, 1997.


Hannah Barker, Richard Eaton, Craig Perry