Primary Sources On This Website
- Prisoner Taking and Human Sacrifice by the Moche of Ancient Peru (6th-7th century)
- Indian soldiers from the province of Coritiba, bringing back captives (17th century and later)
- Laborers, Servants, and “Chosen Women” in the Inca Empire (17th century and later)
- Yanoáma: The Story of Helena Valero (17th century and later)
Primary Sources Elsewhere
- Cieza de León, Pedro de. The Incas of Pedro Cieza de León. Translated by Harriet de Onis. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1959).
- Cobo, Bernabé. History of the Inca Empire: An Account of the Indians’ Customs and Their Origin, Together with a Treatise on Inca Legends, History, and Social Institutions. Translated by Roland Hamilton. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979.
- Cobo, Bernabé. Inca Religion and Customs. Translated by Roland Hamilton. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990.
- Garcilaso de la Vega, El Inca. Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General History of Peru. 2 vols. Translated by Harold Livermore. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1966.
- Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe. El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno. Edited by Rolena Adorno, John Murra, and Jorge Urioste. Mexico: Siglo Veintiuno, 1980.
- Murúa, Martín de. Historia general del Piru: Facsimile of J. Paul Getty Museum Ms. Ludwig XIII 16. Edited by Barbara Anderson and Thomas Cumming. Los Angeles: The Getty Research Institute, 2008.
- Peabody, Sue, and Keila Grinberg, eds. Slavery, Freedom, and the Law in the Atlantic World: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s 2007. See especially docs. 1 (The Code Noir, 1685), 23 (Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala, African Slaves and Incas in Seventeenth-Century Peru, ca. 1615) and 34 (Portuguese Crown, Ordinances and Laws of the Kingdom of Portugal Compiled by Mandate of the Very High Catholic and Powerful King Philip, 1603).
- Bourget, Steve. “Rituals of Sacrifice: Its Practice at Huaca de la Luna and Its Representation in Moche Iconography.” In Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru, edited by Joanne Pillsbury, 88-109. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 2001.
- Bowser, Brenda J. “Captives in Amazonia: Becoming Kin in a Predatory Landscape.” In Invisible Citizens: Captives and their Consequences, edited by Catherine M. Cameron, 262-282. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2008.
- Donnan, Christopher B., and Donna McClelland. Moche Fineline Painting: Its Evolution and Its Artists. Los Angeles: Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 1999.
- Pillsbury, Joanne, ed. Guide to documentary sources for Andean studies, 1530-1900. 3 vols. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2008.
- Prieto, Gabriel, John W. Verano, Nicolas Goepfert, Douglas Kennett, Jeffrey Quilter, Steven LeBlanc, and Lars Fehren-Schmitz, et al. “A mass sacrifice of children and camelids at the Huanchaquito-Las Llamas site, Moche Valley, Peru.” PLoS ONE 14, no. 3 (2019).
- Rostworowski de Diez Canseco, Maria. History of the Inca Realm. Translated by Harry Iceland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
- Rowe, J. H. “Inca Culture at the Time of the Spanish Conquest.” In Handbook of South American Indians, edited by J. H. Steward, 2:183–330. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946.
- Santos-Granero, Fernando. Vital Enemies: Slavery, Predation and the Amerindian Political Economy of Life. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009.
- Tung, Tiffany A., and Kelly J Knudson. “Identifying locals, migrants, and captives in the Wari Heartland: A bioarchaeological and biogeochemical study of human remains from Conchopata, Peru.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 30, no. 3 (2011): 247-261.
- Tung, Tiffiny. “Violence Against Women: Differential Treatment of Local and Foreign Females in the Heartland of the Wari Empire, Peru.” In The Bioarchaeology of Violence, ed. Debra Martin, Ryan Harrod, and Ventura Pérez, 180-198. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2012.
- Verano, John W. “Communality and Diversity in Moche Human Sacrifice.” In The Art and Archeology of the Moche, edited by Steve Bourget and Kimberly L. Jones, 195-213. Austin: The University of Texas Press, 2008.
- Verano, John W. and Sara S. Phillips. “The Killing of Captives on the North Coast of Peru in Pre-Hispanic Times: Iconographic and Bioarchaeological Evidence.” In Ritual Violence in the Ancient Andes: Reconstructing Sacrifice on the North coast of Peru. Edited by Haagen D Klaus and J. Marla Toyne. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2016.
Hannah Barker, Catherine Cameron, Stan Mirvis, John Verano