Primary Sources On This Website

Primary Sources Elsewhere

  • Cieza de León, Pedro de. The Incas of Pedro Cieza de León. Translated by Harriet de Onis. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1959).
  • Cobo, Bernabé. History of the Inca Empire: An Account of the Indians’ Customs and Their Origin, Together with a Treatise on Inca Legends, History, and Social Institutions. Translated by Roland Hamilton. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979.
  • Cobo, Bernabé. Inca Religion and Customs. Translated by Roland Hamilton. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990.
  • Garcilaso de la Vega, El Inca. Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General History of Peru. 2 vols. Translated by Harold Livermore. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1966.
  • Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe. El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno. Edited by Rolena Adorno, John Murra, and Jorge Urioste. Mexico: Siglo Veintiuno, 1980.
  • Murúa, Martín de. Historia general del Piru: Facsimile of J. Paul Getty Museum Ms. Ludwig XIII 16. Edited by Barbara Anderson and Thomas Cumming. Los Angeles: The Getty Research Institute, 2008.
  • Peabody, Sue, and Keila Grinberg, eds. Slavery, Freedom, and the Law in the Atlantic World: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s 2007. See especially docs. 1 (The Code Noir, 1685), 23 (Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala, African Slaves and Incas in Seventeenth-Century Peru, ca. 1615) and 34 (Portuguese Crown, Ordinances and Laws of the Kingdom of Portugal Compiled by Mandate of the Very High Catholic and Powerful King Philip, 1603).

Selected Bibliography

  • Bourget, Steve. “Rituals of Sacrifice: Its Practice at Huaca de la Luna and Its Representation in Moche Iconography.” In Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru, edited by Joanne Pillsbury, 88-109. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 2001.
  • Bowser, Brenda J. “Captives in Amazonia: Becoming Kin in a Predatory Landscape.” In Invisible Citizens: Captives and their Consequences, edited by Catherine M. Cameron, 262-282. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2008.
  • Donnan, Christopher B., and Donna McClelland. Moche Fineline Painting: Its Evolution and Its Artists. Los Angeles: Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 1999.
  • Pillsbury, Joanne, ed. Guide to documentary sources for Andean studies, 1530-1900. 3 vols. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2008.
  • Prieto, Gabriel, John W. Verano, Nicolas Goepfert, Douglas Kennett, Jeffrey Quilter, Steven LeBlanc, and Lars Fehren-Schmitz, et al. “A mass sacrifice of children and camelids at the Huanchaquito-Las Llamas site, Moche Valley, Peru.” PLoS ONE 14, no. 3 (2019).
  • Rostworowski de Diez Canseco, Maria. History of the Inca Realm. Translated by Harry Iceland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • Rowe, J. H. “Inca Culture at the Time of the Spanish Conquest.” In Handbook of South American Indians, edited by J. H. Steward, 2:183–330. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946.
  • Santos-Granero, Fernando. Vital Enemies: Slavery, Predation and the Amerindian Political Economy of Life. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009.
  • Tung, Tiffany A., and Kelly J Knudson. “Identifying locals, migrants, and captives in the Wari Heartland: A bioarchaeological and biogeochemical study of human remains from Conchopata, Peru.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 30, no. 3 (2011): 247-261.
  • Tung, Tiffiny. “Violence Against Women: Differential Treatment of Local and Foreign Females in the Heartland of the Wari Empire, Peru.” In The Bioarchaeology of Violence, ed. Debra Martin, Ryan Harrod, and Ventura Pérez, 180-198. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2012.
  • Verano, John W. “Communality and Diversity in Moche Human Sacrifice.” In The Art and Archeology of the Moche, edited by Steve Bourget and Kimberly L. Jones, 195-213. Austin: The University of Texas Press, 2008.
  • Verano, John W. and Sara S. Phillips. “The Killing of Captives on the North Coast of Peru in Pre-Hispanic Times: Iconographic and Bioarchaeological Evidence.” In Ritual Violence in the Ancient Andes: Reconstructing Sacrifice on the North coast of Peru. Edited by Haagen D Klaus and J. Marla Toyne. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2016.


Hannah Barker, Catherine Cameron, Stan Mirvis, John Verano