Primary Sources On This Website

Primary Sources Elsewhere

  • Hansen, Valerie. The Silk Road: A New History with Documents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. See especially doc. 11F (“Adoption, Enslavement, and Milk Payments, p.89-90).

Selected Bibliography

  • Bonfils, Giovanni de. Gli schiavi degli ebrei nella legislazione del IV secolo: Storia di un divieto. Bari: Cacucci, 1993. [In Italian]
  • Dockès, Pierre. Medieval Slavery and Liberation. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
  • Donnan, Christopher B., and Donna McClelland. Moche Fineline Painting: Its Evolution and Its Artists. Los Angeles: Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 1999.
  • Glancy, Jennifer. Slavery in Early Christianity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Glancy, Jennifer. “Slavery in Acts of Thomas.” Journal of Early Christian History 2 (2012): 3-21.
  • Grubbs, Judith Evans. “Church, State, and Children: Christian and Imperial Attitudes toward Infant Exposure in Late Antiquity.” In The Power of Religion in Late Antiquity, edited by Andrew Cain and Noel Lenski, 119-131. Brookfield: Taylor and Francis, 2009.
  • Harper, Kyle. Slavery in the Late Roman World, AD 275-425. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
  • Houston, Stephen, David Stuart, and Karl Taube. “Dishonor.” In The Memory of Bones: Body, Being, and Experience among the Classic Maya, 202-226. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006.
  • Perry, Matthew J. Gender, Manumission, and the Roman Freedwoman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
  • Ramelli, Illaria. Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery: The Role of Philosophical Asceticism from Ancient Judaism to Late Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.
  • Rio, Alice. “Self-Sale and Voluntary Entry into Unfreedom, 300-1100.” Journal of Social History, 45, no. 3 (Spring 2012): 661-685.
  • Saburo, Sugiyama. Human Sacrifice, Militarism, and Rulership: Materialization of State Ideology at the Feathered Serpent Pyramid, Teotihuacan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • “Special Section: Recent Archaeological Research at the Moon Pyramid, Teotihuacan.” Ancient Mesoamerica 18, no. 1 (2007): 107-190.
  • Wet, Chris L. de. Preaching Bondage: John Chrysostom and the Discourse of Slavery in Early Christianity. Oakland: University of California Press, 2015.
  • Wyatt, Don J. The Blacks of Premodern China. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.


Hannah Barker, Rena Lauer, Noel Lenski, John Verano, Don Wyatt