An Iroquois war party returning to the village with captives.
An Iroquois war party returning to the village with captives. Illustration from the Voyages of Baron Lahontan, c.1690. Thanks to Robert Michael Morrissey for sharing this image.

Primary Sources On This Website

Primary Sources Elsewhere

  • Almeida, Manuel de. Some Records of Ethiopia, 1593-1646, being Extracts from The History of High Ethiopia or Abassia by Manoel de Almeida. Translated and edited by C.F. Beckingham and G.W.B. Huntingford. London: Hakluyt Society, 1954.
  • Cobo, Bernabé. History of the Inca Empire: An Account of the Indians’ Customs and Their Origin, Together with a Treatise on Inca Legends, History, and Social Institutions. Translated by Roland Hamilton. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979.
  • Cobo, Bernabé. Inca Religion and Customs. Translated by Roland Hamilton. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990.
  • Early Travels in India, 1583-1619. Edited by William Foster. New Delhi: S. Chand, 1968.
  • Fryer, John. A New Account of East India and Persia, being nine Years’ Travels, 1672-1681. Edited by William Crooke. Vol. 2. London: Hakluyt Society, 1912.
  • Garcilaso de la Vega, El Inca. Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General History of Peru. 2 vols. Translated by Harold Livermore. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1966.
  • Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe. El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno. Edited by Rolena Adorno, John Murra, and Jorge Urioste. Mexico: Siglo Veintiuno, 1980.
  • Jahangir. The Tuzuk-i Jahangiri, or Memoirs of Jahangir. Translated by Alexander Rogers, edited by Henry Beveridge. London: Royal Asiatic Society, 1909-1914. Repr. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1968.
  • Kadiri, A.A. “Inscriptions of the Sidi Chiefs of Janjira.” Epigraphia Indica, Arabic and Persian supplement (1966), 55-76.
  • Leach, Linda York. Mughal and Other Indian Paintings from the Chester Beatty Library. London: Scorpion Cavendish, 1995. Vol. 1, pp. 401-405.
  • Murúa, Martín de. Historia general del Piru: Facsimile of J. Paul Getty Museum Ms. Ludwig XIII 16. Edited by Barbara Anderson and Thomas Cumming. Los Angeles: The Getty Research Institute, 2008.
  • Mu‘tamad Khan, Muhammad Sarif. Iqbal-nama-yi Jahangiri. In History of India as Told by its Own Historians. Vol. 6. Edited and translated by Henry M. Elliot and John Dowson. Allahabad, 1964.
  • Peabody, Sue, and Keila Grinberg, eds. Slavery, Freedom, and the Law in the Atlantic World: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s 2007. See especially See especially docs. 1 (The Code Noir, 1685), 23 (Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala, African Slaves and Incas in Seventeenth-Century Peru, ca. 1615) and 34 (Portuguese Crown, Ordinances and Laws of the Kingdom of Portugal Compiled by Mandate of the Very High Catholic and Powerful King Philip, 1603).
  • Sandoval, Alonso de, S.J. Treatise on Slavery: Selections from De instauranda Aethiopum salute. Edited, translated, and with an introduction by Nicole von Germeten. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2008. 
  • Seaver, James E. A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison, ed. June Namias. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995.

Selected Bibliography

  • Ali, Omar. Malik Ambar: Power and Slavery Across the Indian Ocean. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.
  • Ali, Shanti Sadiq. African Dispersal in the Deccan. New Delhi: Sangam, 1996.
  • Barr, Juliana. “From Captives to Slaves: Commodifying Indian Women in the Borderlands.” Journal of American History. 92, no. 1 (2005): 19-46
  • Bauss, Rudy. “The Portuguese Slave Trade from Mozambique to Portuguese India and Macau and Comments on Timor, 1750-1850: New Evidence from the Archives,” in Camoes Center Quarterly 6 and 7, nos. 1 and 2 (1997): 21-26.
  • Bennett, Herman. Africans in Colonial Mexico: Absolutism, Christianity and Afro-Creole Consciousness, 1570-1640. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.
  • Bennett, Herman. African Kings and Black Slaves: Sovereignty and Dispossession in the Early Modern Atlantic. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019.
  • Blackburn, Robin. The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800. London: Verso, 1997.
  • Booth, Marilyn, ed. Harem Histories: Envisioning Places and Living Spaces. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010.
  • Brooks, James F. Captives and Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
  • Brugge, David M. Navajos in the Catholic Church Records of New Mexico 1694-1875. 3rd ed. Santa Fe: School for Advanced Research Press, 2010.
  • Bowser, Brenda J. “Captives in Amazonia: Becoming Kin in a Predatory Landscape.” In Invisible Citizens: Captives and their Consequences, edited by Catherine M. Cameron, 262-282. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2008.
  • Chatterjee, Indrani. “A Slave’s Quest for Selfhood in Eighteenth-Century Hindustan,” Indian Economic and Social History Review 37, no. 1 (2000): 53-85.
  • Chatterjee, Indrani, and Richard Eaton, eds. Slavery and South Asian History. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2006.
  • Donald, Leland. Aboriginal Slavery on the Northwest Coast of North America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
  • DuVal, Kathleen. “Indian Intermarriage and Métissage in Colonial Louisiana.” The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, 65, no. 2, (April 2008): 267-304
  • Eaton, Richard M. “Malik Ambar (1548-1626): the Rise and Fall of Military Slavery,” in Richard M. Eaton, A Social History of the Deccan, 1300-1761: Eight Indian Lives 105-28. Cambridge, 2005.
  • El Hamel, Chouki. Black Morocco: A History of Slavery, Race, and Islam. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
  • Ethridge, Robbie, and Sheri M. Shuck-Hall, eds. Mapping the Mississippian Shatter Zone: The Colonial Indian Slave Trade and Regional Instability in the American South. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.
  • Gallay, Alan. The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670-1717. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.
  • Goetz, Rebecca. The Baptism of Early Virgina: How Christianity Created Race. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.
  • Gommans, Jos. Mughal Warfare: Indian Frontiers and High Roads to Empire, 1500-1700. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.
  • Gordon, Stewart. “War, the Military, and the Environment: Central India, 1560-1820.” In Natural Enemy, Natural Ally: toward an Environmental History of Warfare, edited by Richard P. Tucker and Edmund Russell. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press, 2004.
  • Guasco, Michael. “To ‘Doe Some Good Upon Their Countrymen’: The Paradox of Indian Slavery in Early Anglo-America.” Journal of Social History 41, no. 2 (2007): 389-411.
  • Habicht-Mauche, Judith. “Captive Wives? The Role and Status of Non-Local Women on the Protohistoric Southern High Plains.” In Invisible Citizens: Captives and Their Consequences, edited by Catherine M. Cameron, 181-204. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2008.
  • Hämäläinen, Pekka. The Comanche Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.
  • Hamilton, Scott. The Stolen Island: Searching for ‘Ata. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books, 2016.
  • Hathaway, Jane. The Chief Eunuch of the Ottoman Harem: From African Slave to Power-Broker. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.
  • Hellie, Richard. Slavery in Russia, 1450-1725. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
  • Hershenzon, Daniel. The Captive Sea: Slavery, Communication and Commerce in Early Modern Spain and the Mediterranean. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018.    
  • Horne, Gerald. The White Pacific: U.S. Imperialism and Black Slavery in the South Seas after the Civil War. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2007.
  • Kallander, Amy Aisen. Women, Gender, and the Palace Households of Ottoman Tunisia. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2013.
  • Kelton, Paul K. Epidemics and Enslavement: Biological Catastrophe in the Native Southeast, 1492–1715. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007.
  • Kusimba, Chapurukha. “Archaeology of Slavery in East Africa.” African Archaeological Review 21 (2004): 59-88.
  • Lovejoy, Paul E. Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa. 3rd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. See especially chapters 1 and 2, p. 1-45.
  • Martin, Bonnie and James Brooks. Linking the Histories of Slavery: North America and its Borderlands. Santa Fe: School for Advanced Research Press, 2015.
  • Martínez, María Elena. “The Black Blood of New Spain: Limpieza de Sangre, Racial Violence, and Gendered Power in Early Colonial Mexico.” The William and Mary Quarterly 61, no. 3 (2004 2004).
  • Morrissey, Robert. “The Power of the Ecotone: Bison, Slaves, and the Rise and Fall of the Grand Village of the Kaskaskia.” Journal of American History 102 (2015): 667-692.
  • Pankhurst, Richard. A Social History of Ethiopia: the Northern and Central Highlands from Early Medieval Times to the Rise of Emperor Tewodros II. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press, 1992.
  • Pankhurst, Richard. The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century. Lawrence, KS: Red Sea Press, 1997.
  • Petrie, Hazel. “Decoding the colours of rank in Maori society: what might they tell us about perceptions of war captives?” The Journal of the Polynesian Society 120, no. 3 (2011): 211-239.
  • Pierce, Leslie P. The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Pillsbury, Joanne, ed. Guide to documentary sources for Andean studies, 1530-1900. 3 vols. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2008.
  • Pinto, Jeanette. Slavery in Portuguese India (1510-1842). Bombay: Himalaya Publishing House, 1992.
  • Reséndez, Andrés. The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016.
  • Rosen, Mark. “Pietro Tacca’s Quattro Mori and the Conditions of Slavery in Early Seicento Tuscany.” Art Bulletin 97, no. 1 (2015): 34-57.
  • Rostworowski de Diez Canseco, Maria. History of the Inca Realm. Translated by Harry Iceland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • Rushforth, Brett. “‘A Little Flesh We Offer You’: The Origins of Indian Slavery in New France.” The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, 60, no. 4 (2003): 777-808.
  • Santos-Granero, Fernando. Vital Enemies: Slavery, Predation and the Amerindian Political Economy of Life. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009.
  • Seijas, Tatiana. Asian Slaves in Colonial Mexico: From Chinos to Indians. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
  • Seijas, Tatiana, and Pablo Miguel Sierra Silva. “The Persistence of the Slave Market in Seventeenth-Century Central Mexico.” Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 37, no. 2 (2016): 307-33.
  • Sierra Silva, Pablo Miguel. Urban Slavery in Colonial Mexico: Puebla de los Ángeles, 1531-1706.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018.
  • Snyder, Christina. Slavery in Indian Country: The Changing Face of Captivity in Early America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012.
  • Starna, William A. and Ralph Watkins. “Northern Iroquoian Slavery.” Ethnohistory 38, no. 1 (1991): 34-57.
  • Vernet, T. “Slave trade and slavery on the Swahili coast (1500-1750).” In Slavery, Islam and Diaspora, ed. B. Mirzai, I.M. Montana, and P.E. Lovejoy, 37-76. Trenton: Africa World Press, 2009.
  • Villa-Flores, Javier. “‘To Lose One’s Soul’: Blasphemy and Slavery in New Spain.” Hispanic American Historical Review 82, no. 3 (2002): 435-68.
  • Vink, Marcus. “The World’s Oldest Trade: Dutch Slavery and Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean in the Seventeenth Century, Journal of World History 14, no. 2 (2003), 131-77.
  • Warren, Wendy. New England Bound: Slavery and Colonization in Early America. New York: Liveright Publishing, 2017.
  • Witzenrath, Christoph. Eurasian Slavery, Ransom and Abolition in World History, 1200-1860. Farnham: Ashgate, 2015.
  • Zilfi, Madeline C. Women and Slavery in the Late Ottoman Empire: The Design of Difference. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Contributors

Carolyn Arena, Hannah Barker, Patricia Blessing, Catherine Cameron, Richard Eaton, Matthew Gordon, Kim Bok-rae, Stan Mirvis, Robert Michael Morrissey, Henriette Rødland, John Verano, Rebecca Winer